Combination levothyroxine + liothyronine treatment in pregnancy

Megan E. Foeller, Robert M. Silver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Hypothyroidismis one of themost common endocrine disorders in youngwomen and affects 3%to 4%of all pregnancies. Inadequately treated maternal hypothyroidism is associated with numerous adverse fetal and maternal outcomes. Because of growing popularity of levothyroxine (L-T4) + liothyronine (L-T3) combination therapy for hypothyroidism in nonpregnant individuals, pregnant women are taking these medications with increasing frequency. This article reviews the theoretical dangers of combination L-T4 + L-T3 treatment during pregnancy by outlining physiological regulation of maternal and fetal thyroid homeostasis, proposed adverse fetal outcomes to combination therapy, and current recommendations on thyroid replacement in pregnancy from professional societies. Target Audience: Obstetricians and gynecologists, family physicians Learning Objectives: After participating in this activity, physicians should be better able to discuss maternalfetal transfer of thyroid hormone, indications for combination L-T4 + L-T3 treatment in nonpregnant individuals, and potential maternal and fetal consequences of L-T4 + L-T3 therapy during pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)584-586
Number of pages3
JournalObstetrical and Gynecological Survey
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015


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