Cohort study protocol to characterize the incidence and severity of neuropathic pain in patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection

Chioma U. Odozor, Kristen Roles, Carrie Burk, Thomas Kannampallil, David B. Clifford, Jay F. Piccirillo, Simon Haroutounian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction and Objectives: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has resulted in patients experiencing symptoms that include neurological dysfunction. As many viral infections are associated with neuropathy, the aim of the study is to characterize the incidence and severity of neuropathic pain in patients with COVID-19. Methods: A cohort study will be conducted in adult ($18 years) patients who were tested for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) at Washington University/Barnes-Jewish Hospital. Participants who are deceased, with incomplete test results, or who cannot be contacted will be excluded. Approximately 1320 participants will be recruited in a 1:2 ratio of thosewith a positiveto- negative SARS-CoV-2 test result. Each participant will be invited to complete a survey to assess their symptoms related to neuropathy, 30 to 90 days after their initial SARS-CoV-2 test. Survey responses, demographics, and clinical data from the electronic health record will be used for analysis. The primary outcome is the incidence of new symptoms of neuropathic pain. The self-reported DN4 and Neuropathic Pain Symptom Inventory questionnaires (Appendix 1, http://links.lww.com/PR9/A103) will be used for neuropathic pain screening and severity assessment, respectively. Exploratory analyses will be performed to investigate other potential clinical endpoints and trends. Results/Conclusion: Similar to previous coronavirus infections, an increased incidence of new-onset neuropathic pain after COVID-19 disease is expected, along with an increase in the severity experienced by patients with COVID-19 with pre-existing chronic pain. Comprehensive understanding of howCOVID-19 affects the nervous system can provide a better framework formanaging pain in this disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere925
JournalPain Reports
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2 2021

Keywords

  • Coronavirus
  • Covid-19
  • Neuropathic pain
  • Neuropathy
  • Sars-cov-2

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