Cognitive, visual, auditory, and emotional factors that affect participation in older adults

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE. To determine whether changes in hearing, cognition, depression, and vision affect daily life participation and whether screening tests that identify problems could be used in the home. METHOD. Interviewers assessed presence of medical conditions, social class, distance acuity, cognition, hearing, depression, and participation using valid screening tools. Participation scores were subgrouped according to negative or positive results. Multiple regression analysis determined association of screening tests with participation. RESULTS. Eighty-eight older adults, ages 62-90, participated. Positive screening tests were found in 43% of participants for distance acuity, 9% for cognitive problems, 8% for depression, and 15% for hearing loss. Relationships were found among age, cognition, depression, and vision and participation. CONCLUSION. Mild levels of decreased vision, depression, and decreased cognition are associated with lower participation. These conditions can be screened by occupational therapists and managed to help older adults remain active and maintain their health.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)570-579
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volume64
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2010

Keywords

  • Cognition disorders
  • Depression
  • Hearing disorders
  • Home care services
  • Human activities
  • Mass screening
  • Vision disorders

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