Cochlear implantation for children with GJB2-related deafness

Robert D. Cullen, Craig A. Buchman, Carolyn J. Brown, Ben J. Copeland, Carlton Zdanski, Harold C. Pillsbury, Carol G. Shores

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


Objectives/Hypothesis: Mutations in GJB2 are a common cause of congenital sensorineural hearing loss. Many children with these mutations receive cochlear implants for auditory habilitation. The purpose of the study was to compare the speech perception performance of cochlear implant patients with GJB2-related deafness to patients without GJB2-related deafness. Study Design: Retrospective case review. Methods: Pediatric cochlear implant recipients who have been tested for GJB2 mutation underwent chart review. All patients received cochlear implantation at a tertiary referral center, followed by outpatient auditory habilitation. Charts were reviewed for cause and duration of deafness, age at time of cochlear implantation, intraoperative and postoperative complications, duration of use, and current age. Results of standard tests of speech perception administered as a part of the patients' auditory habilitation were reviewed. Results: Twenty patients with GJB2 mutations were compared with 27 patients without GJB2 mutations. There was no statistical difference between patients with and without GJB2-related congenital sensorineural hearing loss with regard to open-set and closed-set speech recognition performance at 12, 24, and 36 months after cochlear implantation. Surgical complications were uncommon. Conclusion: Pediatric patients with congenital sensorineural hearing loss without other comorbid conditions (eg, developmental delay, inner ear malformations) perform well when they receive cochlear implantation and auditory habilitation. The presence or absence of GJB2 mutation does not appear to impact speech recognition performance at 12, 24, and 36 months after implantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1415-1419
Number of pages5
Issue number8 I
StatePublished - Aug 2004


  • Cochlear implant
  • Connexin 26
  • GJB2
  • Hearing loss


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