Co-Clinical Imaging Metadata Information (CIMI) for Cancer Research to Promote Open Science, Standardization, and Reproducibility in Preclinical Imaging

Stephen M. Moore, James D. Quirk, Andrew W. Lassiter, Richard Laforest, Gregory D. Ayers, Cristian T. Badea, Andriy Y. Fedorov, Paul E. Kinahan, Matthew Holbrook, Peder E.Z. Larson, Renuka Sriram, Thomas L. Chenevert, Dariya Malyarenko, John Kurhanewicz, A. Mc Garry Houghton, Brian D. Ross, Stephen Pickup, James C. Gee, Rong Zhou, Seth T. GammonHenry Charles Manning, Raheleh Roudi, Heike E. Daldrup-Link, Michael T. Lewis, Daniel L. Rubin, Thomas E. Yankeelov, Kooresh I. Shoghi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Preclinical imaging is a critical component in translational research with significant complexities in workflow and site differences in deployment. Importantly, the National Cancer Institute’s (NCI) precision medicine initiative emphasizes the use of translational co-clinical oncology models to address the biological and molecular bases of cancer prevention and treatment. The use of oncology models, such as patient-derived tumor xenografts (PDX) and genetically engineered mouse models (GEMMs), has ushered in an era of co-clinical trials by which preclinical studies can inform clinical trials and protocols, thus bridging the translational divide in cancer research. Similarly, preclinical imaging fills a translational gap as an enabling technology for translational imaging research. Unlike clinical imaging, where equipment manufacturers strive to meet standards in practice at clinical sites, standards are neither fully developed nor implemented in preclinical imaging. This fundamentally limits the collection and reporting of metadata to qualify preclinical imaging studies, thereby hindering open science and impacting the reproducibility of co-clinical imaging research. To begin to address these issues, the NCI co-clinical imaging research program (CIRP) conducted a survey to identify metadata requirements for reproducible quantitative co-clinical imaging. The enclosed consensus-based report summarizes co-clinical imaging metadata information (CIMI) to support quantitative co-clinical imaging research with broad implications for capturing co-clinical data, enabling interoperability and data sharing, as well as potentially leading to updates to the preclinical Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) standard.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)995-1009
Number of pages15
JournalTomography (Ann Arbor, Mich.)
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2023


  • Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM)
  • co-clinical imaging
  • metadata
  • open science
  • preclinical imaging
  • reproducibility
  • standardization


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