CMV-β-actin promoter directs higher expression from an adeno-associated viral vector in the liver than the cytomegalovirus or elongation factor 1α promoter and results in therapeutic levels of human factor X in mice

L. Xu, T. Daly, C. Gao, T. R. Flotte, S. Song, B. J. Byrne, M. S. Sands, K. P. Ponder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

147 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although AAV vectors show promise for hepatic gene therapy, the optimal transcriptional regulatory elements have not yet been identified. In this study, we show that an AAV vector with the CMV enhancer/chicken β-actin promoter results in 9.5-fold higher expression after portal vein injection than an AAV vector with the EF1α promoter, and 137-fold higher expression than an AAV vector with the CMV promoter/enhancer. Although induction of the acute-phase response with the administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) activated the CMV promoter/enhancer from the context of an adenoviral vector in a previous study, LPS resulted in only a modest induction of this promoter from an AAV vectorin vivo. An AAV vector with the CMV-β-actin promoter upstream of the coagulation protein human factor X (hFX) was injected intravenously into neonatal mice. This resulted in expression of hFX at 548 ng/ml (6.8% of normal) for up to 1.2 years, and 0.6 copies of AAV vector per diploid genome in the liver at the time of sacrifice. Neonatal intramuscular injection resulted in expression of hFX at 248 ng/ml (3.1% of normal), which derived from both liver and muscle. We conclude that neonatal gene therapy with an AAV vector with the CMV-β-actin promoter might correct hemophilia due to hFX deficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)563-573
Number of pages11
JournalHuman Gene Therapy
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 23 2001

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