Clostridium difficile infection in solid organ transplant recipients

Hitoshi Honda, Erik R. Dubberke

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Purpose of review Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is one of the most common healthcare-associated infections, and the threat associated with CDI continues to grow in all patient populations. There is increasing evidence that CDI has a substantial impact on the morbidity and mortality in solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients. Furthermore, new diagnostic and treatment options and strategies for CDI have emerged over the last decade. The purpose of this review is to provide a general understanding of CDI and its evidence-based diagnosis and management strategies, with a focus on SOT recipients. Recent findings The incidence and severity of CDI have significantly increased since the year 2000. Studies have identified novel risk factors for CDI, and a new epidemic strain, the NAP1/BI/027, has emerged. Despite the development of newer testing methods and approaches, including nucleic acid amplification tests and testing algorithms, the optimal method for diagnosing CDI is an area of controversy. New agents for treating CDI are being developed, and the use of fecal microbiota transplantation to treat recurrent CDI in SOT recipients is also evolving. Summary CDI is a significant problem for SOT recipients. Further studies on diagnostic and therapeutic strategies with a focus on SOT recipients are needed to further improve patient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-341
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Infectious Diseases
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2014


  • Clostridium difficile infection
  • Solid organ transplantation
  • Treatment strategies


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