Clinicopathological features and prognosis of gastric cardia adenocarcinoma: A multi-institutional U.S. study

Neda Amini, Gaya Spolverato, Yuhree Kim, Malcolm H. Squires, George A. Poultsides, Ryan Fields, Carl Schmidt, Sharon M. Weber, Konstantinos Votanopoulos, Shishir K. Maithel, Timothy M. Pawlik

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44 Scopus citations


Background and Objectives: Potential differences in presentation and outcome of patients with gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA) and noncardia adenocarcinoma may exist. The aim of the present study was to compare the clinicopathological characteristics and the prognosis of GCA versus non-cardia adenocarcinoma. Method: Patients with gastric adenocarcinoma who underwent gastric resection between 2000-2012 were identified. Clinicopathological characteristics and outcomes were analyzed based on tumor site using a 1:2 matched-control, as well as a multivariable Cox model. Results: Among 743 patients, 80 (10.7%) patients were diagnosed with GCA. Patients with GCA were more likely to have intestinal tumor type (GCA: 80.4% versus non-cardia: 64.2%, P=0.04) or advanced AJCC T stage tumors (GCA 71.8% versus non-cardia 59.2%, P=0.03). GCA patients more likely underwent a total gastrectomy (GCA: 85.7% vs. non-cardia: 39.8%) and had a longer length-of-stay (GCA: 10 days vs. noncardia: 8 days) (both P<0.05). Outcomes in early stage I patients were worse among GCA (disease-free survival, 44.2%; overall survival, 42.3%) versus non-GCA (disease-free survival, 60.8%; overall survival, 63.0%) patients(both P<0.05). Conclusion: In general, disease-free survival and overall survival were similar between patients with GCA versus non-cardia adenocarcinoma. However, long-term outcome was worse among patients with GCA and early stage disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-292
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of surgical oncology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015


  • Gastric adenocarcinoma
  • Gastric cardia cancer
  • Outcomes
  • Surgery


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