Clinicopathological analysis of ATRX, DAXX and NOTCH receptor expression in angiosarcomas

Gauri Panse, John S.A. Chrisinger, Cheuk H. Leung, Davis R. Ingram, Samia Khan, Khalida Wani, Heather Lin, Alexander J. Lazar, Wei Lien Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: Multiple genetic alterations, including alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) and NOTCH mutations, have been described in angiosarcoma. Loss of α-thalassaemia/mental retardation syndrome X-linked (ATRX) and death domain-associated protein 6 (DAXX) expression is frequently associated with the ALT phenotype. Additionally, inhibition of NOTCH signalling induces the development of malignant vascular tumours in mice, indicating a tumour suppressive role of the NOTCH pathway in the pathogenesis of angiosarcoma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunohistochemical expression of ATRX, DAXX and NOTCH receptors (NOTCH1 and NOTCH2) in a large cohort of angiosarcomas, and study their clinicopathological and prognostic significance. Methods and results: One hundred and forty cases of angiosarcoma were stained for ATRX, DAXX, NOTCH1 and NOTCH2. ATRX loss (<10% labelling) was seen in seven of 118 (6%) cases, and was more frequent in deep soft tissue tumours than in other body sites (P = 0.004). Angiosarcomas with ATRX loss were associated with worse event-free survival than angiosarcomas with retained ATRX expression (P = 0.003). DAXX was retained in all specimens examined. Decreased NOTCH1 expression (≤1+ intensity) was seen in 29 of 123 (24%) cases, and was associated with a cutaneous site of origin (P = 0.013) and advanced disease (P = 0.026). NOTCH2 expression was decreased in 16 of 103 (16%) cases, was associated with visceral tumours (P = 0.001), and correlated with worse disease-specific survival (P = 0.033). Conclusions: ATRX, NOTCH1 and NOTCH2 expression varies in angiosarcomas and shows significant correlations with site of origin and poor clinical outcome, thus highlighting the biological heterogeneity within this tumour type.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-247
Number of pages9
JournalHistopathology
Volume72
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ATRX
  • DAXX
  • NOTCH1
  • NOTCH2
  • angiosarcoma

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    Panse, G., Chrisinger, J. S. A., Leung, C. H., Ingram, D. R., Khan, S., Wani, K., Lin, H., Lazar, A. J., & Wang, W. L. (2018). Clinicopathological analysis of ATRX, DAXX and NOTCH receptor expression in angiosarcomas. Histopathology, 72(2), 239-247. https://doi.org/10.1111/his.13337