Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in the USA. Despite the development of new chemotherapy regimens, the prognosis remains poor. Several studies comparing various platinum-based regimens failed to produce a significant impact in the outcomes for patients with non-small cell lung cancer and this therapeutic modality appears to be reaching a plateau. It has become clear that further advances will require the addition of agents with a different mechanism of action. Bevacizumab is the antiangiogenic agent at the most advanced stage of development in the treatment of cancer. Bevacizumab is synergistic with chemotherapy and usually well tolerated. The addition of bevacizumab to chemotherapy improved survival in patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer in a randomized clinical trial. Several small molecule antiangiogenic agents are in development. In this article, currently available data from clinical trials of antiangiogenic compounds in advanced non-small cell lung cancer are reviewed.
- Antiangiogenic therapy
- Non-small cell lung cancer