Clinical Performance of a Lateral Flow SARS-CoV-2 Total Antibody Assay

Beth L. Cobb, Matthew Lloyd, Karl G. Hock, Christopher W. Farnsworth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Serological assays for SARS-CoV-2 are important tools for diagnosis in patients with negative RT-PCR testing, pediatric patients with multisystem inflammatory syndrome, and serosurveillance studies. However, lateral flow-based serological assays have previously demonstrated poor analytical and clinical performance, limiting their utility. METHODS: We assessed the ADEXUSDx COVID-19 lateral flow assay for agreement with diagnostic RT-PCR testing using 120 specimens from RT-PCR-positive patients, 77 specimens from symptomatic RT-PCR-negative patients, and 47 specimens obtained prepandemic. Specimens collected <14 days from symptom onset in RT-PCR-positive patients were compared relative to the Abbott SARS-CoV-2 IgG assay. RESULTS: The ADEXUSDx COVID-19 Test yielded an overall positive percent agreement (PPA) of 92.5% (95%CI 85.8 to 96.3) and negative percent agreement of 99.2% (95% CI 94.9-100.0) relative to RT-PCR and in prepandemic specimens. Relative to days from symptom onset, the PPA after 13 days was 100% (95% CI 94.2-100); from 7 to 13 days, 89.7 (95% CI 71.5-97.2); and from 0 to 7 days, 53.8 (95% CI 26.1-79.6). The overall agreement between the Abbott and ADEXUSDx assays was 80.9%. Twenty-five specimens were positive by both assays, 9 specimens were negative by both assays, and 8 specimens were positive by only the ADEXUSDx assay. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate high PPA and negative percent agreement of the ADEXUSDx COVID-19 assay and diagnostic testing by RT-PCR, with PPA approximately 90% by 7 days following symptom onset. The use of waived testing for antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 with high sensitivity and specificity provide a further tool for combatting the COVID-19 pandemic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)827-833
Number of pages7
JournalThe journal of applied laboratory medicine
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 30 2022

Keywords

  • antibody
  • COVID-19
  • immunity
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • serology

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