Clinical Performance Measures for Emergency Department Care for Adults With Intracranial Hemorrhage

Kori S. Zachrison, Joshua N. Goldstein, Edward Jauch, Ryan P. Radecki, Tracy E. Madsen, Opeolu Adeoye, John A. Oostema, V. Ramana Feeser, Latha Ganti, Bruce M. Lo, William Meurer, Mitra Corral, Craig Rothenberg, Anshita Chaturvedi, Pawan Goyal, Arjun K. Venkatesh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Though select inpatient-based performance measures exist for the care of patients with nontraumatic intracranial hemorrhage, emergency departments lack measurement instruments designed to support and improve care processes in the hyperacute phase. To address this, we propose a set of measures applying a syndromic (rather than diagnosis-based) approach informed by performance data from a national sample of community EDs participating in the Emergency Quality Network Stroke Initiative. To develop the measure set, we convened a workgroup of experts in acute neurologic emergencies. The group considered the appropriate use case for each proposed measure: internal quality improvement, benchmarking, or accountability, and examined data from Emergency Quality Network Stroke Initiative-participating EDs to consider the validity and feasibility of proposed measures for quality measurement and improvement applications. The initially conceived set included 14 measure concepts, of which 7 were selected for inclusion in the measure set after a review of data and further deliberation. Proposed measures include 2 for quality improvement, benchmarking, and accountability (Last 2 Recorded Systolic Blood Pressure Measurements Under 150 and Platelet Avoidance), 3 for quality improvement and benchmarking (Proportion of Patients on Oral Anticoagulants Receiving Hemostatic Medications, Median ED Length of Stay for admitted patients, and Median Length of Stay for transferred patients), and 2 for quality improvement only (Severity Assessment in the ED and Computed Tomography Angiography Performance). The proposed measure set warrants further development and validation to support broader implementation and advance national health care quality goals. Ultimately, applying these measures may help identify opportunities for improvement and focus quality improvement resources on evidence-based targets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-269
Number of pages12
JournalAnnals of emergency medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2023


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