Clinical Evaluation of the CorCap Cardiac Support Device in Patients With Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Douglas L. Mann, Michael A. Acker, Mariell Jessup, Hani N. Sabbah, Randall C. Starling, Spencer H. Kubo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

114 Scopus citations


Background: Left ventricular (LV) remodeling is related to adverse outcomes in heart failure. The CorCap Cardiac Support Device (CSD; Acorn Cardiovascular, Inc, St. Paul, MN) is an implantable device that attenuates LV remodeling. Methods: The Acorn trial assessed the safety and efficacy of the CSD in 300 heart failure patients. Patients needing mitral surgery (n = 193) were randomized to mitral surgery alone or mitral surgery plus CSD. Patients who did not need mitral surgery (n = 107) were randomized to medical therapy or medical therapy plus CSD. The primary endpoint was a clinical composite based on changes in patient vital status, the need for major cardiac procedures for worsening heart failure, and a change in New York Heart Association (NYHA) class. Results: The proportional odds ratio for the primary endpoint favored treatment with the CSD (1.73 confidence interval [CI]: 1.07 to 2.79; p = 0.024). The CSD-treated patients received significantly (p = 0.01) fewer cardiac procedures indicative of worsening heart failure and had an improvement in New York Heart Association class (p = 0.049). There was no significant difference in survival between groups (p = 0.85). Treatment with the CSD led to a decrease in LV end-diastolic (p = 0.009) and end-systolic volumes (p = 0.017), an increase in the LV sphericity index (p = 0.026), an improvement in the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure score (p = 0.04), and the Short Form-36 Questionnaire (p = 0.015). There was no evidence for a significant difference (p = 0.43) in serious adverse events between the treatment and control groups. Conclusions: The results of the Acorn trial support the hypothesis that preventing LV remodeling with a CSD favorably impacts the untoward natural history of heart failure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1226-1235
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2007


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