Clinical effectiveness of new stent design: Randomized single-blind comparison of tail and double-pigtail stents

Matthew D. Dunn, Andrew J. Portis, Scott A. Kahn, Yan Yan, Arieh L. Shalhav, Abdelhamid M. Elbahnasy, Eduardo Bercowsky, David M. Hoenig, J. Stuart Wolf, Elspeth M. Mcdougall, Ralph V. Clayman

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45 Scopus citations


Background and Purpose: Stent morbidity appears to be secondary to lower urinary tract irritatian. In an effort to decrease stent morbidity, a 'one size fits all' Tail stent (Microvasive [Boston Scientific] Natick, MA) was developed with a 7F proximal pigtail and 7F shaft which tapers to a lumenless straight 3F tail. Patients and Methods: We randomized 60 patients in a single-blind fashion to a 7F tail stent or 7F double-pigtail Percuflex stent. Patients were evaluated at the time of stent removal and 2 weeks later with a standardized questionnaire assessing: irritative lower tract symptoms individually and on a total scale of 0 (no symptoms) to 30 (worst symptoms), obstructive lower tract symptoms (on a total scale of 0-20), and upper tract irritative symptoms (on a total scale of 0-10). Results: Patient age, weight, and height were similar in the two groups. Complications, including fever, urinary tract infections, emergency room visits, and the need for antispasmodics and pain medication, also demonstrated no significant difference. At the time of stent removal, patients who received a tail stent had significantly less urinary frequency and a statistically significant (21%) decrease in overall irritative voiding symptoms (12.2 v 15.4; p = 0.04.8). Two weeks after stent removal, the total irritative voiding symptoms was markedly decreased in both groups (7.1 in the Tail v 5.3 in the double- pigtail group; p = 0.15). Obstructive bladder and flank symptoms were not significantly different in the two stent groups, either at the time of stent removal or at 2 weeks after removal. Conclusion: In this randomized, single- blind study, the 7F Tail stent produced significantly less irritative symptoms than did the standard 7F double-pigtail stent. Obstructive symptoms tended to be less with the new stent, while flank symptoms were similar.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-202
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Endourology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000


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