Clinical and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Outcomes After Microfracture Treatment With and Without Augmentation for Focal Chondral Lesions in the Knee: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Luc M. Fortier, Derrick M. Knapik, Suhas P. Dasari, Evan M. Polce, Filippo Familiari, Safa Gursoy, Jorge Chahla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Focal cartilage lesions represent a common source of knee pain and disability, with the potential for the development and progression of osteoarthritis. Currently, microfracture (MFx) represents the most utilized first–line surgical treatment for small, focal chondral lesions. Recent investigations have examined methods of overcoming the limitations of MFx utilizing various augmentation techniques. Purpose: To perform a systematic review and meta–analysis evaluating clinical and radiographic outcomes in patients undergoing isolated MFx versus MFx augmented with orthobiologics or scaffolds for focal chondral defects of the knee. Study Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: A systematic review was performed to identify studies evaluating outcomes and adverse events in patients undergoing isolated MFx versus augmented MFx for focal chondral defects in the knee from 1945 to June 1, 2021. Data were extracted from each article that met the inclusion/exclusion criteria. Meta-analyses were performed for all outcomes reported in a minimum of 3 studies. Results: A total of 14 studies were identified, utilizing 7 different types of injectable augmentation regimens and 5 different scaffolding regimens. Across the 14 studies, a total of 744 patients were included. The mean patient age was 46.8 years (range, 34-58 years), and 58.3% (n = 434/744) of patients were women. The mean final follow–up time was 26.7 months (range, 12-60 months). The mean chondral defect size ranged from 1.3 to 4.8 cm2. A post hoc analysis comparing mean improvement in postoperative outcomes scores compared with preoperative values found no significant differences in the improvement in the visual analog scale (VAS), International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC), or Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) scores between patients undergoing isolated MFx and those undergoing MFx + augmentation. Patients undergoing MFx + augmentation reported significantly greater improvements in the Lysholm score and postoperative MOCART (magnetic resonance observation of cartilage repair tissue) scores compared with the isolated MFx group. Conclusion: Patients undergoing combined MFx + augmentation reported significant improvements in mean Lysholm and MOCART scores, without significant improvements in VAS, IKDC, or WOMAC scores when compared with patients undergoing isolated MFx.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Sports Medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • biologic
  • cartilage
  • knee
  • microfracture
  • scaffold

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