Clearance of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus concomitant with administration of a microbiota-based drug targeted at recurrent Clostridium difficile infection

Erik R. Dubberke, Kathleen M. Mullane, Dale N. Gerding, Christine H. Lee, Thomas J. Louie, Harriet Guthertz, Courtney Jones

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48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) is a major healthcare-associated pathogen and a well known complication among transplant and immunocompromised patients. We report on stool VRE clearance in a post hoc analysis of the Phase 2 PUNCH CD study assessing a microbiota-based drug for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). Methods. A total of 34 patients enrolled in the PUNCH CD study received 1 or 2 doses of RBX2660 (microbiota suspension). Patients were requested to voluntarily submit stool samples at baseline and at 7, 30, and 60 days and 6 months after the last administration of RBX2660. Stool samples were tested for VRE using bile esculin azide agar with 6 μg/mL vancomycin and Gram staining. Vancomycin resistance was confirmed by Etest. Results. VRE status (at least 1 test result) was available for 30 patients. All stool samples for 19 patients (63.3%, mean age 61.7 years, 68% female) tested VRE negative. Eleven patients (36.7%, mean age 75.5 years, 64% female) were VRE positive at the first test (baseline or 7-day follow-up). Of these patients, 72.7%, n = 8 converted to negative as of the last available follow-up (30 or 60 days or 6 months). Of the other 3: 1 died (follow-up data not available); 1 patient remained positive at all follow-ups; 1 patient retested positive at 6 months with negative tests during the interim. Conclusions. Although based on a small sample size, this secondary analysis demonstrated the possibility of successfully converting a high percentage of VRE-positive patients to negative in a recurrent CDI population with RBX2660.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOpen Forum Infectious Diseases
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2016

Keywords

  • Clostridium difficile
  • Microbiota-based drug
  • RBX2660
  • VRE
  • Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus

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