Clearance of lysosomal hydrolases following intravenous infusion. Kinetic and competition experiments with β-glucuronidase and N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase

Philip Stahl, Jane Somsel Rodman, Paul Schlesinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Clearance experiments with highly purified lysosomal glycosidases, β-glucuronidase and N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase, following intravenous infusion revealed widely varying clearance profiles which depended on the tissue source of the enzyme. Normal rat serum β-glucuronidase and epididymal N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase were cleared slowly from the circulation when compared with rat preputial gland β-glucuronidase, liver lysosomal β-glucuronidase, and liver lysosomal N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase, respectively, which were cleared rapidly. Experiments comparing the catalytic properties and molecular dimensions of the enzymes revealed no differences between rapid and slow clearance forms. Kinetic analysis using the rapid clearance forms of β-glucuronidase has allowed the resolution of at least two components, rapid and slow. Clearance of the rapid component is saturable and appears to reflect binding or uptake by a limited number of sites. By contrast, the clearance rate of the slow component increased linearly with respect to dose and may be due to nonspecific or low-affinity binding. Competition experiments with β-glucuronidase-free lysosomal extract and highly purified lysosomal enzymes, but not serum glycoproteins or colloidal silver, suggest that one lysosomal enzyme inhibits clearance of others and that a common mechanism may be involved in their binding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)594-605
Number of pages12
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume177
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1976

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