Classification of cardiomyopathies from mr cine images using convolutional neural network with transfer learning

Philippe Germain, Armine Vardazaryan, Nicolas Padoy, Aissam Labani, Catherine Roy, Thomas Hellmut Schindler, Soraya El Ghannudi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The automatic classification of various types of cardiomyopathies is desirable but has never been performed using a convolutional neural network (CNN). The purpose of this study was to evaluate currently available CNN models to classify cine magnetic resonance (cine-MR) images of cardiomyopathies. Method: Diastolic and systolic frames of 1200 cine-MR sequences of three categories of subjects (395 normal, 411 hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and 394 dilated cardiomy-opathy) were selected, preprocessed, and labeled. Pretrained, fine-tuned deep learning models (VGG) were used for image classification (sixfold cross-validation and double split testing with hold-out data). The heat activation map algorithm (Grad-CAM) was applied to reveal salient pixel areas leading to the classification. Results: The diastolic–systolic dual-input concatenated VGG model cross-validation accuracy was 0.982 ± 0.009. Summed confusion matrices showed that, for the 1200 inputs, the VGG model led to 22 errors. The classification of a 227-input validation group, carried out by an experienced radiologist and cardiologist, led to a similar number of discrepan-cies. The image preparation process led to 5% accuracy improvement as compared to nonprepared images. Grad-CAM heat activation maps showed that most misclassifications occurred when extracardiac location caught the attention of the network. Conclusions: CNN networks are very well suited and are 98% accurate for the classification of cardiomyopathies, regardless of the imaging plane, when both diastolic and systolic frames are incorporated. Misclassification is in the same range as inter-observer discrepancies in experienced human readers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1554
JournalDiagnostics
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Convolutional neural network
  • Deep learning
  • Grad-CAM
  • Transfer learning

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