TY - JOUR

T1 - Classical Pauli repulsion

T2 - An anisotropic, atomic multipole model

AU - Rackers, Joshua A.

AU - Ponder, Jay W.

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Author(s).

PY - 2019/2/28

Y1 - 2019/2/28

N2 - Pauli repulsion is a key component of any theory of intermolecular interactions. Although Pauli or exchange repulsion has its origin in the quantum mechanical nature of electrons, it is possible to describe the resulting energetic effects via a classical model in terms of the overlap of electron densities. In fact, closed shell intermolecular repulsion can be explained as a diminution of election density in the internuclear region resulting in decreased screening of nuclear charges and increased nuclear-nuclear repulsion. We provide a concise anisotropic repulsion formulation using the atomic multipoles from the Atomic Multipole Optimized Energetics for Biomolecular Applications force field to describe the electron density at each atom in a larger system. Mathematically, the proposed model consists of damped pairwise exponential multipolar repulsion interactions truncated at short range, which are suitable for use in compute-intensive biomolecular force fields and molecular dynamics simulations. Parameters for 26 atom classes encompassing most organic molecules are derived from a fit to Symmetry Adapted Perturbation Theory exchange repulsion energies for the S101 dimer database. Several applications of the multipolar Pauli repulsion model are discussed, including noble gas interactions, analysis of stationary points on the water dimer potential surface, and the directionality of several halogen bonding interactions.

AB - Pauli repulsion is a key component of any theory of intermolecular interactions. Although Pauli or exchange repulsion has its origin in the quantum mechanical nature of electrons, it is possible to describe the resulting energetic effects via a classical model in terms of the overlap of electron densities. In fact, closed shell intermolecular repulsion can be explained as a diminution of election density in the internuclear region resulting in decreased screening of nuclear charges and increased nuclear-nuclear repulsion. We provide a concise anisotropic repulsion formulation using the atomic multipoles from the Atomic Multipole Optimized Energetics for Biomolecular Applications force field to describe the electron density at each atom in a larger system. Mathematically, the proposed model consists of damped pairwise exponential multipolar repulsion interactions truncated at short range, which are suitable for use in compute-intensive biomolecular force fields and molecular dynamics simulations. Parameters for 26 atom classes encompassing most organic molecules are derived from a fit to Symmetry Adapted Perturbation Theory exchange repulsion energies for the S101 dimer database. Several applications of the multipolar Pauli repulsion model are discussed, including noble gas interactions, analysis of stationary points on the water dimer potential surface, and the directionality of several halogen bonding interactions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85062170588&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/1.5081060

DO - 10.1063/1.5081060

M3 - Article

C2 - 30823770

AN - SCOPUS:85062170588

SN - 0021-9606

VL - 150

JO - Journal of Chemical Physics

JF - Journal of Chemical Physics

IS - 8

M1 - 084104

ER -