TGFβ controls hepatocyte growth through cell cycle arrest and apoptosis, and resistance to TGFβ is a mechanism of malignant transformation. The aim of this study was to assess differences in TGFβ-mediated growth inhibition in normal and cirrhotic hepatocytes. Cirrhosis was induced in mice and normal and cirrhotic hepatocytes were isolated by collagenase perfusion and treated with or without TGFβ (5ng/ml). DNA synthesis, Smad protein expression, and DNA binding activity were determined. TGFβ reduced DNA synthesis to a greater degree in normal hepatocytes than in cirrhotic hepatocytes (87% vs. 68%; p<0.05). Smad protein expression was decreased in cirrhotic hepatocytes and Smad 2/3/4 complex formation was suppressed. Furthermore, cirrhotic hepatocytes had decreased DNA binding activity at 120min following TGFβ treatment. In conclusion, decreased Smad protein expression may impair TGFβ-mediated growth inhibition in cirrhotic hepatocytes.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Jan 16 2004|