Circadian clock disruption in neurodegenerative diseases: Cause and effect?

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Abstract

Disturbance of the circadian system, manifested as disrupted daily rhythms of physiologic parameters such as sleep, activity, and hormone secretion, has long been observed as a symptom of several neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer disease. Circadian abnormalities have generally been considered consequences of the neurodegeneration. Recent evidence suggests, however, that circadian disruption might actually contribute to the neurodegenerative process, and thus might be a modifiable cause of neural injury. Herein we will review the evidence implicating circadian rhythms disturbances and clock gene dysfunction in neurodegeneration, with an emphasis on future research directions and potential therapeutic implications for neurodegenerative diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number29
JournalFrontiers in Pharmacology
Volume6
Issue numberFEB
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Alzheimer disease
  • Bmal1
  • Circadian clock
  • Huntington disease
  • Neurodegeneration
  • Per2

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