Cigarette smoking as a dieting strategy in a university population

Robert C. Klesges, Lisa M. Klesges

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

159 Scopus citations


The present study sought to determine the prevalence of smoking as a dieting strategy in a university population. There were 1076 people (458 males, 618 females) asked (1) the types of strategies they used to curb hunger (including smoking) and (2) whether they either began smoking or were currently smoking as a weight loss/maintenance strategy. Results indicated that 32.5% of all smokers (n = 209; 39% of females, 25% of males) reported using smoking as a weight loss strategy. A small percentage of smokers (10% of males, 5% of females) reported beginning to smoke for weight control. Overweight females were much more likely, however, to report that they started smoking for dieting reasons. Females were much more likely to report weight gain as a relapse variable than males. It is concluded that weight gain following smoking cessation, particularly among females, may be a significant relapse variable as well as a significant barrier to smoking cessation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)413-419
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Eating Disorders
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1988


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