This article outlines the management of patients with acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which are common in the course of chronic COPD and are associated with substantial morbidity. There are numerous guidelines, but literature suggests that there is substantial variation in care in patients with acute exacerbations of COPD. Key components of acute therapy for most patients include oral steroids, antibiotics, nebulizers, oxygen, and early consideration of noninvasive ventilation. Adjuvant components of care include venous thromboembolism prophylaxis, appropriate immunizations, counseling for smoking cessation, and consideration of pulmonary rehabilitation.
- Acute exacerbation of COPD
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
- Global Initiative for COPD guidelines
- Inpatient management