Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and the optimal timing of lung transplantation

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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) accounts for the largest proportion of respiratory deaths worldwide and was historically the leading indication for lung transplantation. The success of lung transplantation procedures is measured as survival benefit, calculated as survival with transplantation minus predicted survival without transplantation. In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, it is difficult to show a clear and consistent survival benefit. Increasing knowledge of the risk factors, phenotypical heterogeneity, systemic manifestations, and their management helps improve our ability to select candidates and list those that will benefit the most from the procedure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number646
JournalMedicina (Lithuania)
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2019


  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Lung transplant
  • Survival
  • Wait list


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