Background: The development of natural killer (NK) cells in the bone marrow is not well characterized. We recently described a mouse (referred to as an NK cell-deficient [NKD] mouse) with a selective deficiency in NK cells caused by the insertion of a transgene construct into the genetic locus for the basic leucine zipper transcription factor ATF-2. NK cells in this mouse were both phenotypically and functionally immature and accumulated in the bone marrow at a stage at which constitutive NK cell proliferation occurs in wild-type mice. Objective: We hypothesized that excess IL-15 could potentially overcome this developmental block, allowing normal emigration of mature NK cells from the bone marrow to the periphery. Methods: Double-transgenic mice were generated by crossing the NKD mice with transgenic mice overexpressing IL-15. Results: The double-transgenic mice had a dramatic accumulation of phenotypically immature NK cells in the bone marrow and subsequently in the blood, liver, and spleen. NK cells from these double-transgenic mice manifested functional deficits similar to those observed in NK cells from NKD mice, as assessed by decreased cytokine production and cytotoxicity. Conclusion: Rather than bypass the observed developmental defect in NKD mice, excess IL-15 drove a massive accumulation of phenotypically and functionally immature NK cells in the bone marrow and periphery. Clinical implications: We propose that these double-transgenic mice will serve as a murine model of chronic NK cell lymphocytosis in human patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)924-931
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2007


  • CD11b
  • IL-15
  • Mac1
  • Natural killer cells
  • chronic natural killer cell lymphocytosis
  • lymphocytosis
  • natural killer cell-deficient mice


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