Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) encompasses a group of rare inherited disorders characterized by defects in a phagocyte-specific NADPH-oxidase complex that forms the superoxide radical during the respiratory burst. In this chapter, the protein components and cellular biochemistry of the oxidase are reviewed in light of recent genetic and biochemical studies of CGD. The classification and molecular genetic analysis of CGD is discussed. Finally, the use of recombinant human interferon-gamma as a new therapeutic agent for management of the disorder is reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-124
Number of pages8
JournalAnnual review of medicine
StatePublished - 1992


  • NADPH-oxidase
  • cytochrome b
  • interferon-gamma
  • macrophage
  • neutrophil
  • phagocyte
  • respiratory burst
  • superoxide


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