Cholinesterase Inhibitors May Not Benefit Mild Cognitive Impairment and Mild Alzheimer Disease Dementia

Jee Young Han, Lilah M. Besser, Chengjie Xiong, Walter A. Kukull, John C. Morris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction:We investigated whether cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs) benefit cognitive outcomes in mild cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer disease (MCI-AD) and in mild AD dementia (ADdem).Methods:Data from 2242 individuals, clinically diagnosed with MCI-AD [Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR), 0 or 0.5] or with mild ADdem (CDR, 0.5 or 1), were available from the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center's (NACC) Uniform Data Set (UDS). General linear mixed models were used to examine the annual change in the CDR Sum of Boxes (CDR-SB) and in neuropsychological performance. We compared slopes before and after ChEI initiation among ChEI users, and also compared the change in scores of ChEI users versus nonusers.Results:Thirty-four percent of 944 MCI-AD and 72% of 1298 ADdem participants were ChEI users. Cognitive decline was greater after ChEI initiation in MCI-AD and ADdem groups (eg, MCI-AD, CDR-SB: 0.03 points/y before initiation; 0.61 points/y after initiation, P<0.0001). Both MCI-AD and ADdem groups had faster decline after ChEI initiation than nonusers (eg, MCI-AD, CDR-SB: 0.61 points/y, ChEI users; 0.24 points/y, nonusers, P<0.0001).Discussion:This study suggests that ChEI use may not improve the cognitive course in MCI-AD and mild ADdem.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-94
Number of pages8
JournalAlzheimer disease and associated disorders
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Alzheimer disease
  • Alzheimer disease dementia
  • cholinesterase inhibitor
  • cognitive outcome
  • mild cognitive impairment

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