Chimerism and clinical outcomes of 110 recipients of unrelated donor bone marrow transplants who underwent conditioning with low-dose, single-exposure total body irradiation and cyclophosphamide

Mark Girgis, Chris Hallemeier, William Blum, Randy Brown, Hsiu San Lin, Hanna Khoury, L. Tim Goodnough, Ravi Vij, Steve Devine, Marita Wehde, Stacey Postma, Aarti Oza, John DiPersio, Douglas Adkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

We hypothesized that low-dose (550-cGy), single-exposure, high dose rate (30 cGy/ min) total body irradiation (TBI) with cyclophosphamide as conditioning for HLA-compatible unrelated donor (URD) bone marrow transplantation (BMT) would result in donor chimerism (DC) with a low risk for serious organ toxicity and treatment-related mortality (TRM). Twenty-six patients with good risk diagnoses (acute leukemia in first complete remission [CR] and chronic-phase chronic myelogenous leukemia [CML]) and 84 with poor risk diagnoses underwent this regimen and URD BMT. Unsorted marrow nucleated cells were assessed for chimerism using VNTR probes. All DC occurred in 78 (86%) of 91 evaluable patients at 1 or more follow-up points. Graft failure occurred in 7 (7.7%) patients. Fatal organ toxicity occurred in only 2% of patients. TRM rates through 2 years of follow-up were 19% and 42% in those with good and poor risk diagnoses, respectively. Overall and disease-free survival rates in the good risk group were 47% and 40%, respectively, and in the poor risk group they were 25% and 21%, respectively, at a median follow-up for living patients of 850 days (range, 354-1588 days). This regimen resulted in 100% DC in most patients undergoing URD BMT with a relatively low risk for fatal organ toxicity and TRM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3035-3041
Number of pages7
JournalBlood
Volume105
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2005

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