Chimeric glutamate receptor subunits reveal the transmembrane domain is sufficient for NMDA receptor pore properties but some positive allosteric modulators require additional domains

Timothy J. Wilding, Melany N. Lopez, James E. Huettner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

NMDA receptors are ligand-gated ion channels that underlie transmission at excitatory synapses and play an important role in regulating synaptic strength and stability. Functional NMDA receptors require two copies of the GluN1 subunit coassembled with GluN2 (and/or GluN3) subunits into a heteromeric tetramer. A diverse array of allosteric modulators can upregulate or downregulate NMDA receptor activity. These modulators include both synthetic compounds and endogenous modulators, such as cis-unsaturated fatty acids, 24(S)-hydroxycholesterol, and various neurosteroids. To evaluate the structural requirements for the formation and allosteric modulation of NMDA receptor pores, we have replaced portions of the rat GluN1, GluN2A, and GluN2B subunits with homologous segments from the rat GluK2 kainate receptor subunit. Our results with these chimeric constructs show that the NMDA receptor transmembrane domain is sufficient to account for most pore properties, but that regulation by some allosteric modulators requires additional cytoplasmic or extracellular domains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8815-8825
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume36
Issue number34
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 24 2016

Keywords

  • Carboxy terminal domain
  • Docosahexaenoic acid
  • Palmitoylation

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