Chest radiography in patients with early stage prostatic carcinoma: Effect on treatment planning and cost analysis

H. P. Forman, L. A. Fox, H. S. Glazer, B. L. McClennan, D. C. Anderson, S. S. Sagel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Study objective: An evaluation of the impact of routine preoperative chest radiographs was retrospectively undertaken in a pilot group of 292 patients with prostatic carcinoma who were part of a prospective study of prostate specific antigen screening for prostate carcinoma. Design: Retrospective. Setting: Hospital-based outpatients. Patients and participants: A cost- effectiveness model was used to assess the value of routine chest radiography in this patient population. Chest radiography findings were categorized into four groups based on follow-up and impact. Measurements and results: Forty three patients (15 percent) had a total of 45 positive findings on their chest radiographs. No patient had intrathoracic metastases from prostatic carcinoma. Only two patients both with unsuspected second neoplasms) had findings that impacted on their treatment and one avoided retropubic radical prostatectomy. Total cost was $2,000 (based on Medicare reimbursement), or $14,000 (based on physician and hospital charges). Conclusion: Although benefit is small in terms of number of patients affected, clinical impact, in the two patients with significant findings, was great. Although cost- effectiveness cannot be confirmed on the basis of this series, further evaluation of its utility for this application should be undertaken.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1036-1041
Number of pages6
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1994


  • cancer screening
  • clinical efficacy
  • cost analysis
  • prostatic neoplasms
  • thoracic radiography


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