Chemotherapeutic evaluation of Celecoxib, a cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, in a rat mammary tumor model

Galal A. Alshafie, Hussein M. Abou-Issa, Karen Seibert, Randall E. Harris

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153 Scopus citations


Epidemiological and experimental studies have shown that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) reduce the relative risk of human cancer, including breast cancer. Recently, research studies in our laboratories have shown that the selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) blocker, Celecoxib, given daily in the diet, significantly inhibited the induction of rat mammary tumors by 7,12-dimethylbenz(a) anthracene (DMBA). These studies were extended to evaluate Celecoxib for its effectiveness as an antineoplastic agent in this rat mammary tumor model. We examined the growth inhibitory effects of Celecoxib, given daily in the diet, on the volume and the number of established mammary tumors, vis-a-vis the cancer load (CL). Tumors continued to grow actively in control rats fed chow diet only. In contrast, the Celecoxib-supplemented diet (1500 mg /kg diet) significantly decreased the size of the mammary tumors in rats over the 6 week treatment period, resulting in an average reduction in tumor volume of approximately 32%, relative to the baseline volume (p<0.04). At the end of the 6 week treatment period, average tumor volume was 1.45 cm3 and 0.13 cm3 in the control and Celecoxib treated rats respectively. Tumor regression occurred in 90% of the rats. In addition, new tumors continued to emerge in the control group, in contrast to their significantly decreasing numbers in the Celecoxib treated group over the same time period (p<0.05). These results indicate that Celecoxib has significant antineoplastic activity, in addition to its anticarcinogenic effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1377-1381
Number of pages5
JournalOncology reports
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000


  • Antineoplastic
  • Celecoxib
  • NSAIDs
  • Prostaglandin
  • Rat mammary cancer


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