Chemoradiation in locally advanced cervical carcinoma: An analysis of cisplatin dosing and other clinical prognostic factors

Elizabeth K. Nugent, Ashley S. Case, John T. Hoff, Israel Zighelboim, Lorri L. DeWitt, Kim Trinkhaus, David G. Mutch, Premal H. Thaker, L. Stewart Massad, Janet S. Rader

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44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of number of chemotherapy cycles and other clinical and pathologic factors on progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with newly diagnosed cervical cancer. Methods: We identified 118 patients with locally advanced cervical cancer (stages IB2-IVA) treated with combination weekly cisplatin (40 mg/m2) and radiation therapy (RT) between 2003 and 2007. Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazard models were utilized to evaluate PFS and OS for associations with number of chemotherapy cycles and other factors. Results: The majority of patients had stage IB2 or II disease (70%), squamous histology (91%), and size < 6 cm (65%). Median RT duration was 50 days and 95% received brachytherapy. Thirty percent of patients completed < 6 cycles of chemotherapy, and estimated PFS and OS were 63% and 75%, respectively. In multivariate analyses, the number of chemotherapy cycles was independently predictive of PFS and OS. Patients who received < 6 cycles of cisplatin had a worse PFS (HR 2.65; 95% CI 1.35-5.17; p = 0.0045) and OS (HR 4.47; 95% CI 1.83-10.9; p = 0.001). Advanced stage, longer time to RT completion, and absence of brachytherapy were also associated with decreased OS and PFS (p < 0.05). Similar results were found when analysis was conducted using a breakpoint of at least five but not less than five chemotherapy cycles. Higher grade was associated with decreased PFS (p = 0.03) but not OS. Age, race, BMI, tumor size, smoking, histology, and IMRT were not statistically significant for OS or PFS. Conclusions: Aggressive supportive care to minimize missed chemotherapy treatments may improve survival after chemoradiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)438-441
Number of pages4
JournalGynecologic oncology
Volume116
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Cervix
  • Chemoradiation

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