Charismatic, ideological, and pragmatic leadership: Multi-level influences on emergence and performance

Michael D. Mumford, Alison L. Antes, Jay J. Caughron, Tamara L. Friedrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Scopus citations

Abstract

Theories of outstanding, historically notable leadership have traditionally emphasized charisma. Recent research, however, suggests that charisma may represent only one pathway to outstanding leadership. Outstanding leadership may also emerge from ideological and pragmatic leadership. This article examines the conditions influencing the emergence and performance of charismatic, ideological, and pragmatic leaders. In particular, different conditions operating at the environmental, organizational, group, and individual levels influence the emergence and performance of each of these three types of leaders. Implications for understanding the origins and impact of charismatic, ideological, and pragmatic leaders are discussed as well.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-160
Number of pages17
JournalLeadership Quarterly
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Charisma
  • Ideology
  • Multi-level
  • Outstanding leadership
  • Pragmatism

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