Characterizing a Geant4 Monte Carlo model of a multileaf collimator for a TrueBeam™ linear accelerator

Praneeth Kandlakunta, Shadab Momin, Austin Sloop, Tiezhi Zhang, Rao Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Purpose: The purpose of this work was to develop and validate a multileaf collimator (MLC) model for a TrueBeam™ linac using Geant4 Monte Carlo (MC) simulation kit. Methods: A Geant4 application was developed to accurately represent TrueBeam™ linac. Pre-computed phase-space file in a plane just above the jaws was used for radiation transport. A Varian 120 leaf Millennium™ MLC was modeled using geometry and material specifications provided by the manufacturer using Geant4 constructs. Leaf characteristics e.g. tongue-groove design, variable thickness, interleaf gap were simulated. The linac model was validated by comparing simulated dose profiles and depth-doses with experimental data using an ionization chamber in water. Dosimetric characteristics of the MLC such as inter- and intra-leaf leakage, penumbra effect, MLC leaf positioning, and dynamic characteristics were also investigated. Results: For the depth dose curves, 99% of the calculated data points agree within 1% of the experimental values for the 4 × 4 cm 2 and 10 × 10 cm 2 and within 2% of the experimental values for 20 × 20, 30 × 30 and 40 × 40 cm 2 jaw defined fields. The cross-plane dose profiles show agreement <2% for depths up to 10 cm and to within 4% beyond 10 cm. MLC dosimetric characterization with MC agree well with film measurements. The rounded leaf penumbra remained constant throughout the range of leaf motion. Conclusions: The TrueBeam™ linac equipped with 120-leaf MLC was successfully modeled using Geant4. The accuracy of the model was verified by comparing the simulations with experiments. The model may be utilized for independent dose verification and QA of IMRT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalPhysica Medica
StatePublished - Mar 2019


  • Dynamic simulation
  • Geant4 toolkit
  • Linear accelerator
  • Monte Carlo modeling
  • Multileaf collimator
  • Phase space


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