Characterization of the heterotrimeric G-protein family and its transmembrane regulator from capsicum (Capsicum annuum L.)

Rafael A. Romero-Castillo, Swarup Roy Choudhury, Josefina León-Félix, Sona Pandey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Throughout evolution, organisms have created numerous mechanisms to sense and respond to their environment. One such highly conserved mechanism involves regulation by heterotrimeric G-protein complex comprised of alpha (Gα), beta (Gβ) and gamma (Gγ) subunits. In plants, these proteins play important roles in signal transduction pathways related to growth and development including response to biotic and abiotic stresses and consequently affect yield. In this work, we have identified and characterized the complete heterotrimeric G-protein repertoire in the Capsicum annuum (Capsicum) genome which consists of one Gα, one Gβ and three Gγ genes. We have also identified one RGS gene in the Capsicum genome that acts as a regulator of the G-protein signaling. Biochemical activities of the proteins were confirmed by assessing the GTP-binding and GTPase activity of the recombinant Gα protein and its regulation by the GTPase acceleration activity of the RGS protein. Interaction between different subunits was established using yeast- and plant-based analyses. Gene and protein expression profiles of specific G-protein components revealed interesting spatial and temporal regulation patterns, especially during root development and during fruit development and maturation. This research thus details the characterization of the first heterotrimeric G-protein family from a domesticated, commercially important vegetable crop.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-109
Number of pages13
JournalPlant Science
StatePublished - May 1 2015


  • Capsicum annuum
  • Fruit development
  • Heterotrimeric g-proteins
  • Pepper g-proteins
  • Protein-protein interaction
  • Regulator of g protein signaling


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