CAF1 mice injected iv with polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) coupled to syngeneic spleen cells (PVP-SC) and challenged several days later with 0.25 μg PVP produced fewer PVP-specific IgM plague-forming cells (PFC) than mice injected with Mock-SC. Both 10,000 and 360,000 MW PVP could induce unresponsiveness after coupling to SC. The unresponsiveness induced by PVP-SC was shown to be mediated, at least in part, by antigen-specific suppressor T cells (TS). The PVP-specific TS were I-J positive and belonged to the Lyt 1+ 2+ subset of T cells. The Ts precursors were sensitive to 20 mg/kg cyclophosphamide (Cy) and to antilymphocyte serum (ALS). Kinetics studies suggested that unresponsiveness induced by PVP-SC may be of two types since unresponsiveness in the intact animal appeared earlier and did not last as long as detectable TS activity.