Radiotherapy components of an magnetic resonnace-guided radiotherapy (MRgRT) system can alter the magnetic fields, causing spatial distortion and image deformation, altering imaging and radiation isocenter coincidence and the accuracy of dose calculations. This work presents a characterization of radiotherapy component impact on MR imaging quality in terms of imaging isocenter variation and spatial integrity changes on a 0.35T MRgRT system, pre- and postupgrade of the system. The impact of gantry position, MLC field size, and treatment table power state on imaging isocenter and spatial integrity were investigated. A spatial integrity phantom was used for all tests. Images were acquired for gantry angles 0–330° at 30° increments to assess the impact of gantry position. For MLC and table power state tests all images were acquired at the home gantry position (330°). MLC field sizes ranged from 1.66 to 27.4 cm edge length square fields. Imaging isocenter shift caused by gantry position was reduced from 1.7 mm at gantry 150° preupgrade to 0.9 mm at gantry 120° postupgrade. Maximum spatial integrity errors were 0.5 mm or less pre- and postupgrade for all gantry angles, MLC field sizes, and treatment table power states. However, when the treatment table was powered on, there was significant reduction in SNR. This study showed that gantry position can impact imaging isocenter, but spatial integrity errors were not dependent on gantry position, MLC field size, or treatment table power state. Significant isocenter variation, while reduced postupgrade, is cause for further investigation.
- MRI isocenter variation