We characterized three cytotoxic products, namely dopaminochrome (2,3-dihydro-1H-indole-5,6-dione), 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-1-nitroethane and 2-(3,4,6-trihydroxyphenyl)-1-nitroethane. The compounds were separated from the incubation of dopamine (3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine) with horseradish peroxidase which mimics the peroxidative activity of Prostaglandin H synthase. Incubation of 2-(3,4,6-trihydroxyphenyl)-1-nitroethane with NADPH-cytochrome c reductase led to the formation of 6-hydroxydopamine, a known neurotoxin. Several adducts were also isolated in this study. Oxidation of dopamine in the presence of N-acetylcysteine yielded a thioether conjugate namely, 5-S-(N-acetylcysteinyl)-3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine. Reaction of the partially purified dopaminochrome with N-acetylcysteine permitted the isolation of another thioether conjugate which was tentatively identified as 7-S-(N-acetylcysteinyl)-5,6-dihydroxyindole. We also isolated the one-to-one condensation products of malonaldehyde with dopamine, norepinephrine and serotonin. The identities of these products were established by chemical synthesis and various mass spectrometric techniques.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Sciences and Applications|
|State||Published - Aug 5 1994|