Characterization of glycan determinants that mediate recognition of the major Wuchereria bancrofti circulating antigen by diagnostic antibodies

Marla I. Hertz, Amy Rush, Thomas B. Nutman, Gary J. Weil, Sasisekhar Bennuru, Philip J. Budge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Global Program to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF) relies heavily on a rapid diagnostic test (RDT) to a Wuchereria bancrofti circulating filarial antigen (Wb-CFA) to identify endemic areas and for determining when mass drug administration can stop. The antigen contains a carbohydrate epitope that is recognized by monoclonal antibody AD12. Og4C3, a monoclonal antibody that is used in a commercial ELISA for Wb-CFA recognizes the same moiety. Despite its diagnostic importance, little is known about the structure and function of this “AD12 epitope”. It is also present on other W. bancrofti glycoproteins and on glycoproteins of other filarial worms, but such antigens are not detected in the sera of individuals with most other filarial infections. We report here functional and biochemical analyses that shed light on the interaction between filarial glycoproteins and AD12 and/or Og4C3. Binding of these monoclonal antibodies to a mammalian glycan array suggests the reactive moiety has structural similarity to terminal β-D-glucuronic acid in a 1–3 linkage to other hexoses. However, sera collected from individuals with patent W. bancrofti infection had very low or undetectable serum antibodies to the GlcA-containing array glycans. Unlike other filarial glycoproteins, the Wb-CFA is relatively resistant to protease digestion by pronase and trypsin and completely resistant to the mucinase O-sialoglycoprotein endopeptidase (OSGE). The protease resistance of the Wb-CFA may contribute to its consistent detection in Wb-infected sera.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111317
JournalMolecular and Biochemical Parasitology
Volume240
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Brugia malayi
  • Glucuronic acid
  • Loiasis
  • Lymphatic filariasis
  • Rapid diagnostic test
  • Wuchereria bancrofti

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