Characterization of a novel model of chronic migraine

Amynah A. Pradhan, Monique L. Smith, Brenna McGuire, Igal Tarash, Christopher J. Evans, Andrew Charles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

200 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chronic migraine is a disabling condition that affects hundreds of millions of individuals worldwide. The development of novel migraine treatments has been slow, in part as a result of a lack of predicative animal models. We have developed a new model of chronic migraine involving the use of nitroglycerin (NTG), a known migraine trigger in humans. Chronic intermittent administration of NTG to mice resulted in acute mechanical hyperalgesia with each exposure as well as a progressive and sustained basal hyperalgesia. This chronic basal hyperalgesia occurred in a dose-dependent fashion and persisted for days after cessation of NTG administration. NTG-evoked hyperalgesia was exacerbated by the phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor sildenafil, also a human migraine trigger, consistent with nitric oxide as a primary mediator of this hyperalgesia. The acute but not the chronic basal hyperalgesia was significantly reduced by the acute migraine therapy sumatriptan, whereas both the acute and chronic hyperalgesia was significantly attenuated by the migraine preventive therapy topiramate. Chronic NTG-induced hyperalgesia is a mouse model that may be useful for the study of mechanisms underlying progression of migraine from an episodic to a chronic disorder, and for the identification and characterization of novel acute and preventive migraine therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-274
Number of pages6
JournalPain
Volume155
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • Central sensitization
  • Headache
  • Hyperalgesia

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