Characteristics of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension from an innovative, comprehensive real-world patient data repository

Harrison W. Farber, Murali M. Chakinala, Michelle Cho, Robert P. Frantz, Andrew Frick, Lisa Lancaster, Scott Milligan, Ronald Oudiz, Sumeet Panjabi, Yuen Tsang, Steven D. Nathan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare, life-limiting disease. PAH registries provide real-world data that complement clinical trial data and inform treatment decisions. The TRIO comprehensive, integrated patient data repository (TRIO CIPDR), is an innovative US repository capturing data on contemporary patients diagnosed with pulmonary hypertension and receiving US Food and Drug Administration-approved PAH therapies. This repository uniquely combines clinical data from electronic medical records with the ability to track drug-prescription and drug-dispensing characteristics, and includes 946 adult patients with PAH (data collected January 2019 to December 2020) enrolled from nine representative US specialist tertiary care centers. Potentially eligible patients were identified based on dispensing data from specialty pharmacies. Hemodynamic and clinical data, as well as dispensing information on prescribed PAH medications, were provided by tertiary centers. At enrollment, 75% of patients were female, 67% were White, median age at PAH diagnosis was 53 years (median time from diagnosis to enrollment was 5 years), and 37% were obese. Comorbidity profiles were as expected for a PAH population, although the proportion with atrial fibrillation (34%) was higher than expected. Overall, 38% of patients had idiopathic PAH and 30% had connective tissue disease-related PAH. Among 917 patients receiving PAH-specific therapy, 40% were on monotherapy, 43% on dual therapy, and 17% on triple therapy. Longitudinal data from this repository will allow tracking of the PAH treatment journey in relation to clinical characteristics and outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12258
JournalPulmonary Circulation
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2023


  • prescribing data
  • pulmonary arterial hypertension
  • real-world evidence
  • registry
  • repository


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