OBJECTIVES: To examine changes in mood after nine months of enrollment in a Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE). DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Alexian Brothers PACE, St. Louis, Missouri. PARTICIPANTS: Newly enrolled patients 55 years of age and older, living in the PACE service area, eligible for nursing facility care and able to live safely in the community, with continuous care, for at least nine months (N = 182). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS)-15 score at the pre-admission evaluation (PAE) and the nine-month evaluation (9ME). RESULTS: Of the 182 patients evaluated, 27% (n = 49) met the definition of depression as defined by the GDS-15 score of ≥ 6 at the PAE. At the 9ME, only 11% of patients met the depression criteria (P < 0.001). Of the patients who met the criteria for depression at the PAE, 80% of patients (n = 39) no longer met these criteria at the 9ME (P = 0.029). Similar findings were observed by age, gender, and race. Greater improvement was observed among those who were depressed at the PAE; the depressed cohort improved by 5.0 points (P < 0.001) on the GDS-15 scale from the PAE to the 9ME, whereas the nondepressed cohort improved by 0.6 points (P = 0.003). CONCLUSION: The use of PACE as an alternative intervention may be a good option to improve mood in older adults.
- Geriatric depression scale
- Program of all-inclusive care for the elderly