Changes in hip spasticity and strength following selective dorsal rhizotomy and physical therapy for spastic cerebral palsy

Jack R. Engsberg, Sandy A. Ross, Joanne M. Wagner, T. S. Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hip adductor spasticity and strength in participants with cerebral palsy (CP) were quantified before and after selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) and intensive physical therapy. Twenty-four participants with cerebral palsy (CP group) and 35 non-disabled participants (ND controls) were tested with a dynamometer (CP group: mean age 8 years 5 months, 13 males, 11 females; ND group: mean age 8 years 6 months, 19 males, 16 females). According to the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), of the 24 participants with CP, eight were at level I, six were at level II, and 10 participants were at level III. For the spasticity measure, the dynamometer quantified the resistive torque of the hip adductors during passive abduction at 4 speeds. The adductor strength test recorded a maximum concentric contraction. CP group spasticity was significantly reduced following SDR and adductor strength was significantly increased after surgery. Both pre- and postoperative values remained significantly less than the ND controls. Spasticity results agreed with previous studies indicating a reduction. Strength results conflicted with previous literature subjectively reporting a decrease following SDR. However, results agreed with previous objective investigations examining knee and ankle strength, suggesting strength did not decrease following SDR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-226
Number of pages7
JournalDevelopmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Volume44
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

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