Changes in Dynamic Postural Stability After ACL Reconstruction: Results Over 2 Years of Follow-up

Robert H. Brophy, Kevin A. Schafer, Derrick M. Knapik, John Motley, Amanda Haas, Matthew J. Matava, Rick W. Wright, Matthew V. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is crucial for knee proprioception and postural stability. While ACL reconstruction (ACLR) and rehabilitation improve postural stability, the timing in improvement of dynamic postural stability after ACLR remains relatively unknown. Purpose: To evaluate changes in dynamic postural stability after ACLR out to 24 months postoperatively. Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: Patients undergoing ACLR were prospectively enrolled, and dynamic postural stability was assessed within 2 days before surgery, at 3-month intervals postoperatively to 18 months, then at 24 months. Measurements were made on a multidirectional platform tracking the patient’s center of mass based on pelvic motion. The amount of time the patient was able to stay on the platform was recorded, and a dynamic motion analysis score, reflecting the patient’s ability to maintain one’s center of mass, was generated overall and in 6 independent planes of motion. Results: A total of 44 patients with a mean age of 19.7 ± 6.2 years completed the study protocol. Overall mean dynamic postural stability improved significantly at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after surgery, with continued improvement out to 24 months. Notable improvements occurred in medial/lateral and anterior/posterior stability from baseline to 6 months postoperatively, while internal/external rotation and flexion/extension stability declined initially after surgery from baseline to 3 months postoperatively before stabilizing to the end of the study period. Conclusion: Overall dynamic postural stability significantly improved up to 12 months after ACLR. Improvement in postural stability occurred primarily in the medial/lateral and anterior/posterior planes of motion, with initial decreases in the flexion/extension and internal/external rotational planes of motion.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOrthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2022

Keywords

  • ACL reconstruction
  • postural stability
  • proprioception

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