Associations between cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) polymorphisms and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) levels before and after 20 wk of endurance training were investigated in the HERITAGE Family Study. Plasma HDL-c, HDL2-c, HDL3-c, and apolipoprotein (apo)A1 levels were measured, and 13 CETP single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped in 265 blacks and 486 whites. Three haplotypes defined by SNPs at the -1337, -971, and -629 sites were strongly associated with baseline HDL-c levels in whites. Both C-1337T and C-629A were associated with baseline HDL-c (P < 0.001) and apoA1 (P < 0.01) when tested separately. However, only C-629A remained significant in a combined model. G-971A was not associated with HDL phenotypes, but showed significant interactions with C-629A (P = 0.002) on baseline traits. Genotype-by-sex interactions were observed at the -629 locus for HDL3-c (P = 0.004) and apoA1 (P = 0.02) training responses in whites. In women, the -629 A/A homozygotes showed greater increases in HDL 3-c (P = 0.02) and apoA1 (P = 0.02) levels than the other genotypes. Finally, apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype and the CETP C-629A locus contributed independently and in additive fashion to the HDL traits, explaining 6.0-8.8% of the variance. The CETP -1337T and -629A alleles are associated with higher baseline HDL-c and apoA1 levels. The beneficial effects of endurance training on plasma HDL3-c and apoA1 levels are evident in white women homozygous for the -629A allele. The CETP and APOE genotypes account for up to 9% of the variance in HDL-c phenotypes in the HERITAGE Family Study.
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Sep 19 2007|
- Exercise training
- Family study
- High-density lipoprotein-cholesterol
- Single nucleotide polymorphism