Spontaneous intracranial hypotension is an uncommon etiology of secondary headaches in children. We report a unique case of a girl with kaposiform lymphangiomatosis who developed postural headaches and imaging features of spontaneous intracranial hypotension without a spinal extradural collection. The girl underwent dynamic computed tomography myelography which revealed a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-lymphatic fistula related to a lymphatic malformation associated with the right T10 nerve. She underwent surgical ligation of the CSF-lymphatic fistula, resulting in resolution of the headaches. Spinal CSF-lymphatic fistulas are rare and have previously been reported in two patients with Gorham-Stout disease. The current report suggests that patients with systemic lymphatic anomalies who develop postural headaches should undergo evaluation for spontaneous intracranial hypotension and a CSF-lymphatic fistula. If discovered, surgical ligation is a potential treatment.
- Cerebrospinal fluid
- Cerebrospinal fluid leak
- Cerebrospinal fluid-lymphatic fistula
- Kaposiform lymphangiomatosis
- Lymphatic anomaly
- Spontaneous intracranial hypotension