Cerebral mitochondrial metabolism in early Parkinson's disease

William J. Powers, Tom O. Videen, Joanne Markham, Kevin J. Black, Nima Golchin, Joel S. Perlmutter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abnormal cerebral energy metabolism owing to dysfunction of mitochondrial electron transport has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, in vivo data of mitochondrial dysfunction have been inconsistent. We directly investigated mitochondrial oxidative metabolism in vivo in 12 patients with early, never-medicated PD and 12 age-matched normal controls by combined measurements of the cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2) and the cerebral metabolic rate of glucose (CMRglc) with positron emission tomography. The primary analysis showed a statistically significant 24% increase in bihemispheric CMRO2 and no change in CMRO2/CMRglc. These findings are inconsistent with a defect in mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation owing to reduced activity of the mitochondrial electron transport system (ETS). Because PD symptoms were already manifest, deficient energy production owing to a reduced activity of the mitochondrial ETS cannot be a primary mechanism of neuronal death in early PD. Alternatively, this general increase in CMRO2 could be due not to an increased metabolic demand but to an uncoupling of ATP production from oxidation in the terminal stage of oxidative phosphorylation. Whether this is the case in early PD and whether it is important in the pathogenesis of PD will require further study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1754-1760
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Volume28
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2008

Keywords

  • Cerebral glucose metabolism
  • Cerebral oxygen metabolism
  • Mitochondrial
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Positron emission tomography

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