Cerebral functional connectivity and Mayer waves in mice: Phenomena and separability

Jonathan R. Bumstead, Adam Q. Bauer, Patrick W. Wright, Joseph P. Culver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Resting-state functional connectivity is a growing neuroimaging approach that analyses the spatiotemporal structure of spontaneous brain activity, often using low-frequency (<0.08 Hz) hemodynamics. In addition to these fluctuations, there are two other low-frequency hemodynamic oscillations in a nearby spectral region (0.1-0.4 Hz) that have been reported in the brain: vasomotion and Mayer waves. Despite how close in frequency these phenomena exist, there is little research on how vasomotion and Mayer waves are related to or affect resting-state functional connectivity. In this study, we analyze spontaneous hemodynamic fluctuations over the mouse cortex using optical intrinsic signal imaging. We found spontaneous occurrence of oscillatory hemodynamics ∼0.2 Hz consistent with the properties of Mayer waves reported in the literature. Across a group of mice (n = 19), there was a large variability in the magnitude of Mayer waves. However, regardless of the magnitude of Mayer waves, functional connectivity patterns could be recovered from hemodynamic signals when filtered to the lower frequency band, 0.01-0.08 Hz. Our results demonstrate that both Mayer waves and resting-state functional connectivity patterns can co-exist simultaneously, and that they can be separated by applying bandpass filters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)471-484
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2017


  • Brain imaging
  • cerebral hemodynamics
  • cortical mapping
  • intrinsic optical imaging
  • neurovascular coupling


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