Objective: To compare the central corneal thickness (CCT) between different ethnicities and particularly Asian subethnic groups that may contribute to the different glaucoma diagnoses using the optical low-coherence reflectometry technique. Methods: A retrospective study of 6 years including 1512 eyes of 929 patients of the Beckman vision center, University of California, San Francisco from 2011 to 2017 had their biometric parameters, including CCT, measured with the Lenstar. Patients were categorized into African Americans, Caucasians, Hispanics, Pacific Islanders, and Asians. Asians were further subcategorized into Chinese, Vietnamese, Koreans, Filipinos, and Japanese. Results: Among 1356 patients who had their CCT measured by Lenstar from 2011 to 2017, 1512 eyes of 929 patients were included. The study population included 462 Caucasians (52.96%), 60 African Americans (6.46%), 92 Hispanics (9.9%), 32 Pacific Islanders (3.44%), 130 Chinese (13.99%), 52 Filipinos (5.6%), 37 Vietnamese (3.98%), 34 Koreans (3.66%), and 30 Japanese (3.23%). African Americans had the thinnest CCT with a mean of 518.62±40.3 followed by Asians with a mean of 539.29±34.1. Among the Asian study sample, the Chinese had the thinnest CCT with a mean of 537.66±32.5. CCT was adjusted for age, sex, glaucoma diagnosis, diabetes status, and prostaglandin analogs use for >12 months. Conclusions: Optical low-coherence reflectometry is a widely used technology, which can measure CCT. Our study confirms that African Americans have the thinnest corneas followed by Asians. In the latter group, relatively thin CCT may partly explain their high rates of normal-Tension glaucoma.
- central corneal thickness
- different ethnicities