Center variability in medicare claims– based publicly reported transcatheter aortic valve replacement outcome measures

Michael P. Thompson, Hechuan Hou, Alexander A. Brescia, Francis D. Pagani, Devraj Sukul, Jeffrey S. McCullough, Donald S. Likosky

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1 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Public reporting of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) claims– based outcome measures is used to identify high-and low-performing centers. Whether claims-based TAVR outcomes can reliably be used for center-level comparisons is unknown. In this study, we sought to evaluate center variability in claims-based TAVR outcomes used in public reporting. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study sample included 119 554 Medicare beneficiaries undergoing TAVR between January 2014 and October 2018 based on procedure codes in 100% Medicare inpatient claims. Multivariable hierarchical logistic regression was used to estimate center-specific adjusted rates and reliability (R) of 30-day mortality, discharge not to home/self-care, 30-day stroke, and 30-day readmission. Reliability was defined as the ratio of between-hospital variation to the sum of the between-and within-hospital variation. The median (interquartile range [IQR]) center-level adjusted outcome rates were 3.1% (2.9%– 3.4%) for 30-day mortality, 41.4% (31.3%– 53.4%) for discharge not to home, 2.5% (2.3%– 2.7%) for 30-day stroke, and 14.9% (14.4%–15.5%) for 30-day readmission. Median reliability was highest for the discharge not to home measure (R=0.95; IQR, 0.94– 0.97), followed by the 30-day stroke (R=0.92; IQR, 0.87– 0.94), 30-day mortality (R=0.86; IQR, 0.81– 0.91), and 30-day readmission measures (R=0.42; IQR, 0.35– 0.51). Across outcomes, there was an inverse relationship between center volume and measure reliability. CONCLUSIONS: Claims-based TAVR outcome measures for mortality, discharge not to home, and stroke were reliable measures for center-level comparisons, but readmission measures were unreliable. Stakeholders should consider these findings when evaluating claims-based measures to compare center-level TAVR performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere021629
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Issue number21
StatePublished - Nov 2 2021


  • Hospital profiling
  • Outcomes
  • Transcatheter aortic valve replacement


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